Votive figure in the form of a female sphinx with elaborate headdress - ROM2010_11669_24


Votive figure in the form of a female sphinx with elaborate headdress

Medium:Earthenware (terracotta) with traces of slip paint
Geography: Found in al-Fayyūm, Egypt
Date: about 100-200 CE
Period: Roman Imperial period
Object number: 910.165.119
On view
Gallery Location:Eaton Gallery of Rome: Roman Egypt

Other popular Egyptian Deities

  • Osiris-Canopus took the form of a Canopic jar with the head of Osiris. Symbolically, the jars carried water from the Nile, Egypt's source of fertility through Osiris.

  • The Sphinx, dating back to the Old Kingdom, was a human-headed lion closely associated with the sun god Sekhmet.

  • Hathor, the cow goddess, was protectress of the necropolis and consoler of the dead.

  • Bes, a grotesque dwarf, was an immensely popular domestic deity whose ugliness deflected evil. As a birth deity, Bes kept snakes away from newborn infants.

Greek Gods in Roman Egypt

Ptolemaic rule and the influx of Greeks fostered the growth of Greek gods in Egypt. By the Roman period, the Olympian gods were firmly established there. The ready identification of certain Greek and Egyptian deities (for example, Aphrodite and Demeter with Isis, and Eros with Harpocrates) facilitated their acceptance. Greek gods were never "Egyptianized": they were always represented in their true Classical guise.

Roman WorldEgypt
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